While most major U.S. sports such as baseball and American football have evolved out of European practices, basketball, volleyball, skateboarding, and snowboarding are American inventions, some of which have become popular worldwide. The lowest and highest points in the contiguous United States are in the state of California,[183] and only about 84 miles (135 km) apart. 11 months ago EG Gemeinden. [159], Government policy designed to promote affordable housing,[160] widespread failures in corporate and regulatory governance,[161] and historically low interest rates set by the Federal Reserve[162] led to the mid-2000s housing bubble, which culminated with the 2008 financial crisis, the nation's largest economic contraction since the Great Depression. [91] The giving away of vast quantities of land to white European settlers as part of the Homestead Acts, nearly 10% of the total area of the United States, and to private railroad companies and colleges as part of land grants spurred economic development. [504], In 1998, the number of U.S. commercial radio stations had grown to 4,793 AM stations and 5,662 FM stations. In the late 18th century, the U.S. began vigorously expanding across North America, gradually acquiring new territories, oftentimes killing and displacing Native Americans, and admitting new states; by 1848, the United States spanned the continent. With 21.2 million people, government is the leading field of employment. Datasets in use. Stadt und Bevölkerungsdichte Europa Karte. [363] In recent years the number of executions and presence of capital punishment statute on whole has trended down nationally, with several states recently abolishing the penalty. The name "Europa" was later used to describe Greece. [231][232] 18% of all Americans claim to speak both English and another language. In 2010, President Obama led efforts to pass the Affordable Care Act, the most sweeping reform to the nation's healthcare system in nearly five decades. [202][203] The most prominent environmental agency is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), created by presidential order in 1970. [145][146] The late 1980s brought a "thaw" in relations with the Soviet Union, and its collapse in 1991 finally ended the Cold War. [46] Even earlier, Christopher Columbus had landed in Puerto Rico on his 1493 voyage, and San Juan was settled by the Spanish a decade later. After a surge in female labor participation, especially in the 1970s, by 1985, the majority of women aged 16 and over were employed. Delete Quiz. [d][177][178], The coastal plain of the Atlantic seaboard gives way further inland to deciduous forests and the rolling hills of the Piedmont. Citizenship at Birth? [213] The United States has a very diverse population; 37 ancestry groups have more than one million members. [346], The United States spent $649 billion on its military in 2019, 36% of global military spending. The United States has the world's largest Christian population. The British insisted on administering the empire through Parliament, and the conflict escalated into war. The most populous country in Europe is Russia. [185] Active volcanoes are common throughout Alaska's Alexander and Aleutian Islands, and Hawaii consists of volcanic islands. [187] The Great Plains west of the 100th meridian are semi-arid. They demanded their "rights as Englishmen" and "no taxation without representation". After his election in 1980, President Ronald Reagan responded to economic stagnation with free-market oriented reforms. Southern white Democrats, calling themselves "Redeemers", took control of the South after the end of Reconstruction. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. [498] As of 2017[update], the United States has won 2,522 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, more than any other country, and 305 in the Winter Olympic Games, the second most behind Norway. [43][44], The first Europeans to arrive in the continental United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided. [337] The U.S. has a credit rating of AA+ from Standard & Poor's, AAA from Fitch, and AAA from Moody's. The transcendentalists, led by Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, established the first major American philosophical movement. Durch die höheren Geburtenraten nicht-weißer Fr The Spanish–American War and World War I established the U.S. as a world power, a status confirmed by the outcome of World War II. [32], It has been generally accepted that the first inhabitants of North America migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 12,000 years ago; however, some evidence suggests an even earlier date of arrival. The local government's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. The rhythmic and lyrical styles of African-American music have deeply influenced American music at large, distinguishing it from European and African traditions. It described a collection of states—e.g., "the United States are." In many cases, however, the natives and settlers came to depend on one another. [169] On January 20, 2020, the first case of COVID-19 in the United States was confirmed. [110][111][112], The United States remained neutral from the outbreak of World War I in 1914 until 1917 when it joined the war as an "associated power" alongside the Allies of World War I, helping to turn the tide against the Central Powers. To play this quiz, please finish editing it. This technology, along with the establishment of a machine tool industry, enabled the U.S. to have large-scale manufacturing of sewing machines, bicycles, and other items in the late 19th century and became known as the American system of manufacturing. During the war, the United States was one of the "Four Powers"[122] who met to plan the postwar world, along with Britain, the Soviet Union, and China. [466], The American fast food industry, the world's largest,[467] pioneered the drive-through format in the 1940s. This quiz is incomplete! NCHS Releases New Monthly Provisional Estimates on Drug Overdose Deaths, "U.S. life expectancy declines again, a dismal trend not seen since World War I", "US Tumbles Down the World Ratings List for Life Expectancy", "How does U.S. life expectancy compare to other countries? [88] Victory in the Mexican–American War resulted in the 1848 Mexican Cession of California and much of the present-day American Southwest, making the U.S. span the continent.[83][89]. [350] The United States possesses the second-largest stockpile of nuclear weapons in the world. To the east of the 100th meridian, the climate ranges from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical in the south. Its members have a combined area of 4,233,255.3 km 2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447 million. [181] Farther west are the rocky Great Basin and deserts such as the Chihuahua and Mojave. [173][174] Hawaii, occupying an archipelago in the central Pacific, southwest of North America, is 10,931 square miles (28,311 km2) in area. [264], About 12% of children are enrolled in parochial or nonsectarian private schools. Aaron Copland and George Gershwin developed a new synthesis of popular and classical music. Indeed, when the Union ultimately won the war in April 1865, each of the states in the defeated South was required to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which prohibited slavery. [188] States bordering the Gulf of Mexico are prone to hurricanes, and most of the world's tornadoes occur in the country, mainly in Tornado Alley areas in the Midwest and South. 9 months ago AKE Kanal neu. This quiz is incomplete! With the creation of the Province of Quebec, Canada's francophone population would remain isolated from the English-speaking colonial dependencies of Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and the Thirteen Colonies. [306][307] The states of the Northeast and West Coast and some of the Great Lakes states, known as "blue states", are relatively liberal. [41] The Haudenosaunee, located in the southern Great Lakes region, was established at some point between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries. Startseite → Amerika → USA. The industry enjoyed its golden years, in what is commonly referred to as the "Golden Age of Hollywood", from the early sound period until the early 1960s,[484] with screen actors such as John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe becoming iconic figures. Additionally, the Trail of Tears in the 1830s exemplified the Indian removal policy that forcibly resettled Indians. The District of Columbia is a federal district that contains the capital of the United States, Washington, D.C.[297] The states and the District of Columbia choose the president of the United States. [506] Although the cost of publishing has increased over the years, the price of newspapers has generally remained low, forcing newspapers to rely more on advertising revenue and on articles provided by a major wire service, such as the Associated Press or Reuters, for their national and world coverage. Although there is no official language at the federal level, some laws—such as U.S. naturalization requirements—standardize English, and most states have declared English as the official language. [121] The United States thus left its vast Asian colony, the Philippines, isolated and fighting a losing struggle against Japanese invasion and occupation. "Columbia", a name popular in American poetry and songs of the late 18th century, derives its origin from Christopher Columbus; it appears in the name "District of Columbia". [344] Today, American forces can be rapidly deployed by the Air Force's large fleet of transport aircraft, the Navy's 11 active aircraft carriers, and Marine expeditionary units at sea with the Navy's Atlantic and Pacific fleets. Article One protects the right to the writ of habeas corpus. Name Abk. [168], In the presidential election of 2016, Republican Donald Trump was elected as the 45th president of the United States. Of those impoverished, 18.5 million live in deep poverty (family income below one-half of the poverty threshold) and over five million live "in 'Third World' conditions". [387][388], The United States has been a leader in technological innovation since the late 19th century and scientific research since the mid-20th century. [126], The United States played a leading role in the Bretton Woods and Yalta conferences, which signed agreements on new international financial institutions and Europe's postwar reorganization. 1 private dataset. [431] The three largest airlines in the world by passengers carried are U.S.-based; American Airlines is number one after its 2013 acquisition by US Airways. [190], The U.S. ecology is megadiverse: about 17,000 species of vascular plants occur in the contiguous United States and Alaska, and more than 1,800 species of flowering plants are found in Hawaii, few of which occur on the mainland. [286] The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual states. [214] Asian Americans are the country's second-largest racial minority (the three largest Asian ethnic groups are Chinese, Filipino, and Indian). The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. Although little known at the time, Charles Ives's work of the 1910s established him as the first major U.S. composer in the classical tradition, while experimentalists such as Henry Cowell and John Cage created a distinctive American approach to classical composition. [331] Based on CBO estimates,[332] under 2013 tax law the top 1% will be paying the highest average tax rates since 1979, while other income groups will remain at historic lows. ", "Active Duty Military Personnel Strengths by Regional Area and by Country (309A)", "World military expenditure grows to $1.8 trillion in 2018", "Here's how many nuclear warheads exist, and which countries own them", "U.S. Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Who Governs & What They Do", "Violent Death Rates: The US Compared with Other High-income OECD Countries, 2010", "Global homicide rate rises for first time in more than a decade", "Nebraska's Death Penalty Repealed With Veto Override", "Maryland becomes latest U.S. state to abolish death penalty", "Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey", "Monthly Statement of the Public Debt of the United States", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2015", "World Economic Outlook Database: United States", "Top Ten Countries with which the U.S. Trades", "United Nations Statistics Division—National Accounts", "Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange Reserves", "The NYSE Makes Stock Exchanges Around The World Look Tiny", "Largest stock exchange operators worldwide as of April 2018, by market capitalization of listed companies (in trillion U.S. dollars)", "Tackling income inequality The role of taxes and transfers", "In Paid Family Leave, U.S. Trails Most of the Globe", "Total Economy Database, Summary Statistics, 1995–2010", "Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures by Source and Objective: 1970 to 2004", "Britain Second in World Research Rankings", "100 Years Ago, the Dream of Icarus Became Reality", "NASA's Apollo technology has changed the history", "Celebrating July 2: 10 Days That Changed History", "The Countries With The Most Millionaires", "Understanding Poverty in the United States: Surprising Facts About America's Poor", "Human Development Index (HDI) | Human Development Reports", "Record inequality: The top 1% controls 38.6% of America's wealth", "The 3 Richest Americans Hold More Wealth Than Bottom 50% Of The Country, Study Finds", "Is it great to be a worker in the U.S.? More recent American creations include hip hop, salsa, techno, and house music. [419] As of June 2018[update], 40 million people, roughly 12.7% of the U.S. population, were living in poverty, including 13.3 million children. ", "Streaming TV Services: What They Cost, What You Get", "Number of U.S. Radio Stations on the Rise, Especially LPFM, according to New FCC Count", "Spanish Language Newspapers in the USA : Hispanic Newspapers : Periódiscos en Español en los EE.UU", "The Myth of America's Turn to the Right", "Interracial Marriage in Early America: Motivation and the Colonial Project", "Redefining the Age of Clovis: Implications for the Peopling of the Americas", "Questioning Conservatism's Ascendancy: A Reexamination of the Rightward Shift in Modern American Politics", "Slavery and the Slave Trade in Rhode Island", "Looking back 20 years: Who deserves credit for ending the Cold War? Europa - EU Wirtschaftskraft BIP Änderungen - Builder. The California Gold Rush of 1848–49 spurred migration to the Pacific coast, which led to the California Genocide[90] and the creation of additional western states. [246] Life expectancy was highest among Asians and Hispanics and lowest among blacks. Alzheimer's disease, drug abuse, kidney disease, cancer, and falls caused the most additional years of life lost over their age-adjusted 1990 per-capita rates. In the early 20th century, the automobile companies of Ransom E. Olds and Henry Ford popularized the assembly line.