To the east of the 100th meridian, the climate ranges from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical in the south. Although there is no official language at the federal level, some laws—such as U.S. naturalization requirements—standardize English, and most states have declared English as the official language. [256], Health-care coverage in the United States is a combination of public and private efforts and is not universal. [437], The United States is home to many cultures and a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values. Pè una lista di i stati ind'è una situazione simile : Elencu di i Stati chi ùn sò ricunnisciuti da e Nazione Unite; Da vede dinò. Aside from web portals and search engines, the most popular websites are Facebook, YouTube, Wikipedia, Yahoo!, eBay, Amazon, and Twitter. The transcendentalists, led by Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, established the first major American philosophical movement. Name Abk. McDuffie, Jerome; Piggrem, Gary Wayne; Woodworth, Steven E. (2005). [209], The U.S. Census Bureau officially estimated the country's population to be 328,239,523 as of July 1, 2019. The Spanish–American War and World War I established the U.S. as a world power, a status confirmed by the outcome of World War II. [206], The United States is ranked 24th among nations in the Environmental Performance Index. See. [323] It works closely with fellow NATO members on military and security issues and with its neighbors through the Organization of American States and free trade agreements such as the trilateral North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico. Although little known at the time, Charles Ives's work of the 1910s established him as the first major U.S. composer in the classical tradition, while experimentalists such as Henry Cowell and John Cage created a distinctive American approach to classical composition. [238] The survey also reported that 22.8% of Americans described themselves as agnostic, atheist or simply having no religion—up from 8.2% in 1990. [435], The United States energy market is about 29,000 terawatt hours per year. [218] In 2008, 273 incorporated municipalities had populations over 100,000, nine cities had more than one million residents, and four cities had over two million (namely New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Houston). Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago, and European colonization began in the 16th century. [358], Capital punishment is sanctioned in the United States for certain federal and military crimes, and at the state level in 28 states, though three states have moratoriums on carrying out the penalty imposed by their governors. [184] At an elevation of 20,310 feet (6,190.5 m), Alaska's Denali is the highest peak in the country and in North America. Major cities may also support a local business journal, trade papers relating to local industries, and papers for local ethnic and social groups. [172], The 48 contiguous states and the District of Columbia occupy a combined area of 3,119,885 square miles (8,080,470 km2). [404] For 2017 the United Nations Development Programme ranked the United States 13th among 189 countries in its Human Development Index (HDI) and 25th among 151 countries in its inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI). Director D. W. Griffith, the top American filmmaker during the silent film period,[citation needed] was central to the development of film grammar, and producer/entrepreneur Walt Disney was a leader in both animated film and movie merchandising. Article One protects the right to the writ of habeas corpus. "United States", "American" and "U.S." refer to the country adjectivally ("American values", "U.S. forces"). Make a suggestion Posts about ALLE EINWOHNER … [294] The president serves a four-year term and may be elected to the office no more than twice. After his election in 1980, President Ronald Reagan responded to economic stagnation with free-market oriented reforms. [418] In 2011, 16.7 million children lived in food-insecure households, about 35% more than 2007 levels, though only 845,000 U.S. children (1.1%) saw reduced food intake or disrupted eating patterns at some point during the year, and most cases were not chronic. The name "Europa" was later used to describe Greece. Cable television offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches. [298] Territories of the United States such as Puerto Rico do not have presidential electors, and so people in those territories cannot vote for the president. [d][177][178], The coastal plain of the Atlantic seaboard gives way further inland to deciduous forests and the rolling hills of the Piedmont. [473] From the 1800s John Philip Sousa is regarded as one of America's greatest composers.[474]. Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry were among the mid-1950s pioneers of rock and roll. [402] The Global Food Security Index ranked the U.S. number one for food affordability and overall food security in March 2013. [419] As of June 2018[update], 40 million people, roughly 12.7% of the U.S. population, were living in poverty, including 13.3 million children. Hawaii and the southern tip of Florida are tropical, as well as its territories in the Caribbean and the Pacific. In American political culture, the center-right Republican Party is considered "conservative" and the center-left Democratic Party is considered "liberal". The District of Columbia and the five major U.S. territories do not have senators. [464][465], Homegrown foods are part of a shared national menu on one of America's most popular holidays, Thanksgiving, when some Americans make traditional foods to celebrate the occasion. However, the Senate refused to approve this and did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles that established the League of Nations. [74], The Second Continental Congress unanimously adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776; this day is celebrated annually as Independence Day. Schweden mit 20 Einwohner/km 2 dünner besiedelt als die USA. [389] In the 21st century, approximately two-thirds of research and development funding comes from the private sector. Like the states they have a great deal of autonomy, but also like the states, tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency. The Wright brothers, in 1903, made the first sustained and controlled heavier-than-air powered flight. population. Enlargement, external relations and trade. population. [449][450][451] While mainstream culture holds that the United States is a classless society,[452] scholars identify significant differences between the country's social classes, affecting socialization, language, and values. [36][37] This was likely the first of three major waves of migration into North America; later waves brought the ancestors of present-day Athabaskans, Aleuts, and Eskimos.[38]. [376] The country ranks ninth in the world in nominal GDP per capita[377] and sixth in GDP per capita at PPP. The Department of Defense administers five of the six service branches, which are made up of the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Space Force. [420] In 2017, the U.S. states or territories with the lowest and highest poverty rates were New Hampshire (7.6%) and American Samoa (65%), respectively. Americans had developed an ideology of "republicanism", asserting that government rested on the will of the people as expressed in their local legislatures. [175] Measured by only land area, the United States is third in size behind Russia and China, just ahead of Canada. The ARPANET was developed in the 1960s to meet Defense Department requirements, and became the first of a series of networks which evolved into the Internet. [386] In 2009, the United States had the third-highest workforce productivity per person in the world, behind Luxembourg and Norway. [67], The Thirteen Colonies (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia) that would become the United States of America were administered by the British as overseas dependencies. [269] The basic literacy rate is approximately 99%. [412] The rise in the share of total annual income received by the top one percent, which has more than doubled from nine percent in 1976 to 20 percent in 2011, has significantly affected income inequality,[413] leaving the United States with one of the widest income distributions among OECD nations. Europa este, convențional, unul dintre cele șapte continente.Este separată de Asia prin Munții Ural, râul Ural și Marea Caspică la est, și prin Munții Caucaz la sud-est. [350] More than 40% of the world's 14,000 nuclear weapons are held by the United States.[350]. The Italian explorer was the first to postulate that the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern limit but were part of a previously unknown landmass. By surface area, France is the biggest EU country and Malta the smallest. Europa - EU Wirtschaftskraft BIP Änderungen - Builder. U Kosovo ùn hè torna ricunnisciutu da ogni altru Statu. ", "First Peacetime Draft Enacted Just Before World War II", "Why does the US have 800 military bases around the world? [h] At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million square kilometers), it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area. [207] The country joined the Paris Agreement in 2016 and has many other environmental commitments. After the Civil War, Charles Sanders Peirce and then William James and John Dewey were leaders in the development of pragmatism. [341] The Department of Defense also employed about 700,000 civilians, not including contractors. The Constitution has been amended 27 times;[287] the first ten amendments, which make up the Bill of Rights, and the Fourteenth Amendment form the central basis of Americans' individual rights. [70] The Christian revivalist movement of the 1730s and 1740s known as the Great Awakening fueled interest both in religion and in religious liberty. [43][44], The first Europeans to arrive in the continental United States were Spanish conquistadors such as Juan Ponce de León, who made his first visit to Florida in 1513. On his map, the name is shown in large letters on what would now be considered South America, in honor of Amerigo Vespucci. [444] Americans are extremely charitable by global standards: according to a 2006 British study, Americans gave 1.67% of GDP to charity, more than any other nation studied. At home, the U.S. had experienced sustained economic expansion and a rapid growth of its population and middle class following World War II. [275] As for public expenditures on higher education, the U.S. trails some other OECD (Organization for Cooperation and Development) nations but spends more per student than the OECD average, and more than all nations in combined public and private spending. [280][281][282] It is the world's oldest surviving federation. The industry enjoyed its golden years, in what is commonly referred to as the "Golden Age of Hollywood", from the early sound period until the early 1960s,[484] with screen actors such as John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe becoming iconic figures. This list of European countries by population comprises the 51 countries and 6 territories and dependencies in Europe, broadly defined, including Cyprus, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and the countries of the Caucasus.. Millions moved from farms and inner cities to large suburban housing developments. [238] These include Judaism (1.9%), Islam (0.9%), Hinduism (0.7%), and Buddhism (0.7%). [31] Colloquial names are the "U.S. of A." Accessibility Help. The Coast Guard, also a branch of the armed forces, is administered by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and by the Department of the Navy in wartime. [308] Leadership in the Senate includes vice president Mike Pence, president pro tempore Chuck Grassley, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, and Minority Leader Chuck Schumer. A Historical and International Perspective", "Tax Code May Be the Most Progressive Since 1979", "More Americans are considering cutting their ties with the US—here's why", "Tax fears: US-Aussie dual citizens provide IRS with details of $184 billion", "The Distribution of Household Income and Federal Taxes, 2010", "For the first time in history, U.S. billionaires paid a lower tax rate than the working class last year", "The U.S. Deficit/Debt Problem: A Longer–Run Perspective", "Fitch revises U.S. outlook to negative; affirms AAA rating", "America Owes the Largest Share of Global Debt", "Country Comparison: Public Debt - The World Factbook", "What does Selective Service provide for America? [153] Due to the dot-com boom, stable monetary policy, and reduced social welfare spending, the 1990s saw the longest economic expansion in modern U.S. "[30] In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence. 1 private dataset. [499] 10 months ago AKE Kanal neu. [241], The Bible Belt is an informal term for a region in the Southern United States in which socially conservative evangelical Protestantism is a significant part of the culture and Christian church attendance across the denominations is generally higher than the nation's average. Suicide Rate Highest Among Wealthy Nations | Commonwealth Fund", "Deaths by suicide, drugs and alcohol reached an all-time high last year", STATCAST - Week of September 9, 2019. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed. "[283] The U.S. ranked 25th on the Democracy Index in 2018. [212], In 2018, there were almost 90 million immigrants and U.S.-born children of immigrants in the United States, accounting for 28% of the overall U.S. The American economy boomed, becoming the world's largest. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100. [198][199], Environmental issues include debates on oil and nuclear energy, dealing with air and water pollution, the economic costs of protecting wildlife, logging and deforestation,[200][201] and international responses to global warming. [152], Originating within U.S. military defense networks, the Internet spread to international academic platforms and then to the public in the 1990s, greatly affecting the global economy, society, and culture. Slavery was legal in the southern United States until the second half of the 19th century when the American Civil War led to its abolition.

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