[18], On 29 August 1916, during the First World War, the Romanian Army occupied Brașov. Brasov's onetime German name, Kronstadt (Crown City), is visible in its coat of arms. Die Stadt unter der Zinne liegt im gleichnamigen Kreis im Burzenland im Südosten Siebenbürgens, Rumänien. Easy to spot on a taller hill outside the Old Town, this fortress was first mentioned in 1529 and was used for centuries as part of the city’s defensive mechanism. Smack in the center of Romania is Brasov, a harmonious mash-up of traditional charm and modern city life. The cultural and religious importance of the Romanian church and school in Șchei is underlined by the generous donations received from more than thirty hospodars of Moldavia and Wallachia, as well as that from Elizabeth of Russia. The culture of Brasov will also develop during this period. Casa Monte Verde is located in the center of Brasov overlooking the Tampa Mountain, 150 meters from the pedestrian zone of Street Republic Square and the Black Church in Brasov. [10][11] The first attested mention of this name is Terra Saxonum de Barasu ("Saxon Land of Baras") in a 1252 document issued by Béla IV of Hungary. Kronstadt endet mit t und beginnt mit K. Stimmt oder stimmt nicht ? Kreuzworträtsel-Hilfe ⇒ deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov auf Woxikon.de The last two locations had their names applied to Bronze Age cultures — Schneckenberg ("Hill of the Snails"; Early Bronze Age)[15] and Noua ("The New"; Late Bronze Age).[16]. Declared a nature reserve for its many species of plant and animals, including one-third of Romania’s butterfly species, this mountain has a maximum altitude of 960 meters and is one of the best-known images of Brasov. Very close to the Upper Walls and the Synagogue, you’ll find one of the narrowest streets in Europe, Sforii Street. Brasov is surrounded by the Carpathian mountains, making it the perfect base for extensive hiking tours. At least two entrances to the city, Poarta Ecaterinei (or Katharinentor) and Poarta Șchei (or Waisenhausgässertor), are still in existence. The Medieval city of Corona was founded by German colonists (called the Transylvanian Saxons) in the 13th century. Today, it’s a popular and photogenic tourist attraction. You can find Diana on. Nowadays, the infrastructure of the city allows other sports to be practiced, such as football, rugby, tennis, cycling, handball, gliding, skiing, skating, mountain climbing, paintball, bowling, swimming, target shooting, basketball, martial arts, equestrian, volleyball or gymnastics. In 1850, the town had 21,782 inhabitants: 8,874 (40.7%) Germans, 8,727 (40%) Romanians, 2,939 (13.4%) Hungarians. A top tourist attraction in Romania, the city was for centuries a key commercial center and a strong industrial hub during the long decades of communism when its name changed for 10 years to Stalin City. The city is also notable for being the birthplace of the national anthem of Romania. The contract for the construction of the main terminal building, with a total area of 11,780 m2 (126,799 sq ft), was awarded to the Romanian contractor Bog'Art Bucharest and was signed on 21 August 2019. [17] Although the crusaders were evicted by 1225, the colonists they brought in long ago remained, along with local population in three distinct settlements they founded on the site of Brașov: Germans living in Brașov were mainly involved in trade and crafts. A big part of the factory was demolished during 2013 and 2014 giving way to buildings, shopping mall and recreation parks. All are operated by RAT Brașov. [citation needed]. Its strategic location on the commercial route that linked the three Romanian provinces and the Balkans to the Baltic States made it a fast-developing economic center, especially after the second part of the 14th century. Over 600 years old, this is the largest hall-church east of Vienna and one of the most impressive Gothic-style buildings from this corner of Europe. The first three locations show traces of Dacian citadels; Șprenghi Hill housed a Roman-style construction. Partly demolished during the systematization of the city from the end of the 19th century, the fortification ensemble still conserves a few walls, bastions, and towers that partly recreate the image of a medieval well-enclosed and powerful citadel. You can reach the top on foot, either on the hiking trail or by cable car. However, at the end of World War II many ethnic Germans were forcibly deported to the Soviet Union. Brasov is the core of the historical Country of Barsei, donated in 1211 by the Hungarian King Andrei the 2nd to the Teutonic Knights who settled the area and founded the city of Brasov a few years later. More tours on www.uncover-romania-tours.com. The three names of the city (Braşov/Brassó, Kronstadt, and Corona) were used simultaneously in the Middle Ages." In 1689, a great fire destroyed the walled city almost entirely, and its rebuilding lasted several decades. The german name was Ekaterinentor. The first Jewish community in Brașov was established in 1828, joining the Neolog association in 1868. It is the first airport to be developed in post-communist Romania, and the 17th commercial airport in the country. 1 Lösung. It took its name from the magnificent Council house which is in the middle of it, and houses the Brasov County Museum of History nowadays. Brasov is the core of the historical Country of Barsei, donated in 1211 by the Hungarian King Andrei the 2nd to the Teutonic Knights who settled the area and founded the city of Brasov a few years later. Austerlitz, Robert ""Brasov-Brasso'-Kronstadt-Berries and Bushes", in Xenia Slavica; Papers Presented to Gojko Ruzicic on the Occasion of his Seventy-Fifth Birthday, 2 February 1969. All Rights Reserved. His term lasted from 29 August, when the city was occupied by the Romanian Army, until 8 October – the height of the Battle of Brașov. It was constructed between 1385 and 1477 on the grounds of a previous church destroyed by Mongols in 1242. The city also has several restaurants that serve local as well as international cuisine (e.g. Brasov was one of … Romanian rule over the city lasted until early October, when the area was retaken by the Central Powers in the Battle of Brassó (7-9 October 1916). There are about 15,000 inhabitants who live right next to a huge forest that leads up the mountains. In August 1942, 850 Jews between the ages of 18 and 50 were drafted into labor battalions and ordered to work in Brașov, while others were sent to Predeal and Bran. [19] The Romanian mayor installed during the brief Romanian occupation was Gheorghe Baiulescu. It was succeeded by Brașovia Brașov. Romania's second largest city, Brasov (Kronstadt in German), is a good place to begin a Saxon trip. Brasov was one of the most important Saxon cities of Transylvania. Brasov is an excellent starting point for many hikes in the nearby Bucegi or Piatra Craiului Mountains. As of 2012[update], Brașov is hosting two trail semi-marathons: the Semimaraton Intersport Brașov (held in April) and the Brașov International Marathon (held in April or May). Home » Attractions » Cities » Brasov: From the German Kronstadt to the City of Stalin, Discover our Brasov Walking Tour. The two names of the city, Kronstadt and Corona, were used simultaneously in the Middle Ages, along with the Medieval Latin Brassovia. In 1541, Transylvania became an autonomous principality under Ottoman control, and more than one century later it was conquered by the Habsburg Empire. The city was protected by its thick, Saxon-built ramparts and, on three sides, by mountains. Location. Brasov's famous landmark and Romania's leading gothic church, the Black Church towers over the Council Square and the old town. In German it is "KRONSTADT". Its ethnic composition includes: In 2005, the Brașov metropolitan area was created. The host city was to be announced in July 2015,[28] in which Lausanne was selected. Download this stock image: Ecaterina Gate was built for the access of Romanians from Schei district in the fortress of Brasov. The German name is still often used as well: Kronstadt, the Hungarian name is Brassó. Or the Marienkirche by its German name, derives its name from the Great Fire of 1689, during which the damages withstood the restoration of almost 100 years. The location of the city at the intersection of trade routes linking the Ottoman Empire and Western Europe, together with certain tax exemptions, allowed Saxon merchants to obtain considerable wealth and exert a strong political influence. Those from throughout southern Transylvania were concentrated in Brașov; a further 200 refugees came from Ploiești. This was reflected in the city's German name, Kronstadt, as well as in its Latin name, Corona, meaning Crown City (hence, the coat of arms of the city which is a crown with oak roots). Although the industrial base has been in decline in recent years, Brașov is still a site for manufacturing hydraulic transmissions, auto parts, ball-bearings, construction materials, hand tools, furniture, textiles and shoe-wear. Its walls were blackened by the flames and the church, originally named Saint Mary, became known as the Black Church. There is also a regular bus line serving Poiana Brașov, a nearby winter resort and part of the city of Brașov. The property is located in a historic building in the nineteenth century, it features … See more ideas about Brasov, Brasov romania, Romania. Colțea Brașov was the football champion in 1928, managing a second place in 1927, in its only 10 years of existence (1921–1931). Share your knowledge. Others suggest the name derives from the old coat of arms of the city, as it is symbolized by the German name Kronstadt meaning "Crown City". Nearby is the "Black Church" (Biserica Neagră), which some claim to be the largest Gothic style church in Southeastern Europe. Required fields are marked *. In 1948 the company was renamed "Uzina Tractorul Brașov" known internationally as Universal Tractor Brașov. The Holy Roman Emperor and sovereign of Transylvania Joseph II awarded Romanians citizenship rights for a brief period during the latter decades of the 18th century. Brasov Old Town Hall The Black Church. Besides the German (Saxon) population living in the walled city and in the northern suburbs, Brașov had also a significant Romanian and Bulgarian population (living in the Șchei district), and also some Hungarian population (living in the Blumăna district). The oldest traces of human activity and settlements in Brașov date back to the Neolithic age (about 9500 BCE). After the King Michael Coup of August 1944, the labor battalions were reduced to 250-300 while most of the Jews managed to obtain their freedom. The German name, Kronstadt, means "Crown City" and this is reflected in the city coat-of-arms, as well as in its Medieval Latin name, "Corona". [8] According to Pál Binder, the current Romanian and the Hungarian name Brassó ([ˈbrɒʃʃoː]) are derived from the Turkic word barasu, meaning "white water" with a Slavic suffix -ov. The current Mayor of Brașov (starting October 28, 2020) is Allen Coliban from the Save Romania Union (Uniunea Salvați România). Founded at the beginning of the 13 th century by the Saxons and located at the crossroads between Orient and Occident, Brasov developed as a trade city with the German name “Kronstad”, which means “City of the Crown”. Today, it serves as the Museum of History, offering a panoramic view over the Council Square. Throughout its long history, Brasov was often under attack so the … According to Balázs Orbán, the name Corona – a Latin word meaning "crown" – is first mentioned in the Catalogus Ninivensis in 1235 AD, stating a monastic quarter existed in the territory of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cumania (In Hungaria assignata est paternitas Dyocesis Cumanie: Corona). The city center is marked by the mayor's former office building (Casa Sfatului) and the surrounding square (piața), which includes one of the oldest buildings in Brașov, the Hirscher Haus. According to Balázs Orbán, the name Corona – a Latin word meaning "crown" – is first mentioned in the Catalogus Ninivensis in 1235 AD, stating a monastic quarter existed in the territory of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cumania (In Hungaria assignata est paternitas Dyocesis Cumanie: Corona). These three names of the city (Brasov, Kronstadt, and Corona) are used simultaneously in the Middle Age. The Lutheran Cathedral in Sibiu tells a near-identical back-story. The Brașov-Ghimbav International Airport is an airport development project located in nearby Ghimbav, right by the future A3 motorway. Sf. The german name was Ekaterin - ENC7NF from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Im Süden und Osten ist die Stadt von den Karpaten umgeben. On the site of the village of Brașov, the Teutonic Knights built Kronstadt – 'the City of the Crown'. Pál Binder supposing it is a reference to the St. Catherine's Monastery. "Map" of Brasov (German: Kronstadt; Hungarian: Brassó; Medieval Latin: Brassovia or Corona) See notes on the photo! Construction works for the passenger terminal started on 17 March 2020 and are expected to be completed by 1 March 2021. Nur eine Antwort mit 43 Zeichen kennen wir von Kreuzwortraetsellexikon.de. Als alleinige Antwort gibt es Kronstadt, die 43 Buchstaben hat. Rätsel Hilfe für deutscher Name der Jizera (Cz) It is home to a freshly restored Saxon fortress from the 14th century, and also to many old Saxon houses. Brasov. Enlarged and modernized many times, the fortress was also a prison and a military base. The river Ghimbasel (german: Burzen) crosses the town. Michael B. Barrett, Indiana University Press, 2013, Colegiul National de Informatică "Grigore Moisil", Colegiul de Stiințe ale Naturii "E. Racoviță", Seminarul Teologic Liceal Ortodox "D. Staniloaie", Fundatia Univ. Mediaeval studies, Volumes 17-18, Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1955, Toronto, Canada, An annual journal of scholarship, History. The first topological mention of Brasov is "Terra Saxonum de Barasu", in a 1252 document. The Black Church is the most famous medieval monument in Brasov. Die nächstgelegenen größeren Nachbarorte sind (im Uhrzeigersinn, im Norden beginnend) Sfântu Gheorghe, Ploiești, Târgoviște, Pitești, Hermannstadt und Mediaș. The old city is very well preserved and is best seen by taking the cable-car to the top of Tâmpa Mountain. Sep 24, 2014 - Explore Iby Lippold's board "Brasov -", followed by 386 people on Pinterest. Romanian troops entered the city at around five o'clock p.m. and paraded towards the city square. (The German … Apr 20, 2014 - Main Sq and the old city hall, Brasov (German: Kronstadt; Hungarian: Brassó; Medieval Latin: Brassovia or Corona), Romania The Medieval city of Corona was founded by German colonists (called the Transylvanian Saxons) in the 13th century. The only access gate still preserved from the initial system is the Renaissance-style Ecaterina’s Gate from 1559. First documented in writing, in 1235, under the Latin name of Corona, Brasov was also known as Krondstat in German or Brassso in Hungarian. There is also a large brewery. In German the name of the town is "Rosenau", which means rose meadow. Brasov: Around 170 km north of →Bucharest in the south-west corner of Transylvania (also known under its German name Siebenbürgen). Fortifications were erected around the city and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craft guilds, according to medieval custom. According to the latest Romanian census (2011), Brașov has a population of 253,200 making it the 7th most populous city in Romania. The Brașov Local Council, elected at the 2020 Romanian local elections, is made up of 27 counselors, with the following party composition: The Brașov local transport network has 44 urban bus and trolleybus lines and 10 metropolitan bus lines. Temperatures from May to September fluctuate around 23 °C (73 °F). Als einzige Antwort gibt es Kronstadt, die 43 Zeichen hat. During the communist period, universiades and Daciads were held, where local sportsmen were obliged to participate. Between 17 and 22 February 2013, the city hosted the 2013 European Youth Winter Olympic Festival. The city is easily reached by train or car from the capital, and it’s great to visit no matter the season. Therefore in the 16th century Brasov will host several schools, libraries, and printing houses. You need to enter a valid Mailchimp API key. Walk along Brasov’s fortifications. Brașov is administered by a Mayor and a Local Council. CFR announced a feasibility study for the construction of a rail line (8 km) which would connect the future airport to the Brașov railway station. Kronstadt hört auf mit t und startet mit K. Falsch oder richtig? The headquarters of the court of law back in the 15th century, the Council Tower was restored many times, being used until 1923 as an administrative building. Poiana Brașov is the most popular Romanian ski resort and an important tourist center preferred by many tourists from other European states. The real name of the town is the Magyar one: "BRASSO" (read [brasho]). Some of these are situated in the city center. Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov — Kreuzworträtsel-Hilfe Buchstabenanzahl beliebig 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 From 1950 to 1960, during part of the Communist period in Romania, the city was called Orașul Stalin (Stalin City), lit. We do recommend you book in time your stay in Brasov. In December that year, the city was signed the Youth Olympic Game Candidature Procedure. For all its history, architecture, and surrounding landscapes, Brasov is one of the best urban destinations in the country. [7] According to some historians, Corona was name of the city-fortress while Brassó was referring to the county, while others consider both names may refer to the city and the county as well. Population. Eine einzige Antwort mit 43 Buchstaben kennen wir von Kreuzwortraetsellexikon.de. I have read and accepted the Privacy Policy *, Nearby attractions: Castles: Bran and Peles. With its central location, Brașov is a suitable location from which to explore Romania, and the distances to several tourist destinations (including the Black Sea resorts, the monasteries in northern Moldavia, and the wooden churches of Maramureș) are similar. Like all of Romania, Brasov is a very affordable city, with a pint of beer costing around 6 lei (1.26 EUR), hostel beds being around 38 lei (8 EUR) and a restaurant meal costing between 12 and 35 lei (2.5 EUR to 7 … You should spend at least one day here during your vacation in Romania, especially if you’re based in Bucharest. The medieval sites and the old churches are on the list of every visitor, but Brasov has even more to offer. Wir erfassen eine Kreuzworträtsel-Antwort zur Kreuzworträtselfrage Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov. Fortresses: Rupea and Rasnov, Access: A3 from Bucharest to Ploiesti and DN1 from Ploiesti to Brasov. In 1838, they established the first Romanian language newspaper Gazeta Transilvaniei and the first Romanian institutions of higher education: Școlile Centrale Greco-Ortodoxe ("The Greek-Orthodox Central Schools", today named after Andrei Șaguna). [23] Because of its central location, the Brașov railway station is one of the busiest stations in Romania with trains to/from most destinations in the country served by rail. It’s currently closed for visitors, but you can still walk up to the plateau for a great of Brasov. The Neolog synagogue, seating 800, was built between 1899 and 1905. Heavy industry is still abundant, including Roman, which manufactures MAN AG trucks as well as native-designed trucks and coaches. Annually, at "Olimpia" sports ground, the "Brașov Challenge Cup" tennis competition is held. The city has a long tradition in sports, the first sport associations being established at the end of the 19th century (Target shooting Association, Gymnastics School). deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov - Neueste Antworten nach Veröffentlichungsort und Datum: In autumn 1940, during the National Legionary State, the antisemitic Iron Guard nationalized all Jewish institutions and seized most shops owned by Jews. [30], From top, left to right: Panoramic view of the Old Town from the, Dragoș Moldovanu, Toponimie de origine romană în Transilvania și în sud-vestul Moldovei, Anuarul de lingvistică și istorie literară, XLIX-L, 2009–2010, Bucuresti, p 59, Drăganu, Nicolae "Români in veacurile IX—XIV pe baza toponimiei şi a onomasticei" (The Romanians in the 9th - 14th Centuries According to Toponymy and Onomastics), Imprimeria Naţionala, 1933, București, p.560. Whoops, you're not connected to Mailchimp. [7] Pál Binder supposing it is a reference to the St. Catherine's Monastery. Fortifications were erected around the city and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craft guilds, according to medieval custom. In November 2013, Brașov submitted their bid for the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics. Check a complete list of the Top 10 Things To Do in Brasov. Others suggest the name derives from the old coat of armsof the city, as it is symbolized by the German name Kronstadt meaning "Crown City". Hungarian and Chinese). Industrial development in Brașov started in the inter-war period, with one of the largest factories being the airplane manufacturing plant (IAR Brașov), which produced the first Romanian fighter planes used during World War II. In 1918, after the Proclamation of the Union of Alba Iulia, adopted by Deputies of the Romanians from Transylvania and supported by Deputies of the Saxons from Transylavania, they all voted to be a part of Romania, and declared their allegiance to the new Romanian state. Brașov is located in the central part of the country, about 166 kilometres (103 miles) north of Bucharest and 380 kilometres (236 miles) from the Black Sea. Brașov (în germană Kronstadt, în maghiară Brassó, în latină Corona; de asemenea pe hărțile vechi trecut Cron∫tadt, Brastovia sau Braßov, în dialectul săsesc Kruhnen, Krűnen, Krînen) este municipiul de reședință al județului cu același nume, Transilvania, România, format din localitățile componente Brașov (reședința) și Poiana Brașov. Fortifications around the city were erected and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craftsmen's guilds, according to the medieval custom. Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov : passende Lösung – Kreuzworträtsel-Hilfe With a varying width between 111 and 135 centimeters, this street was originally just a space between two lines of houses. The city is notable for being the regional capital of the Transylvanian Saxons of the Burzenland (Romanian: Țara Bârsei) administrative area in the past, and a large commercial hub on the trade roads between East and West. As was accustomed at that time, the city was built around a square which for Brasov is Piața Sfatului (Council square) or Marktplatz in German. The German name Kronstadt means "Crown City", and is reflected in the city's coat of arms, as well as in its Medieval Latin name, Corona. By the way, the German name of Brasov is Kronstadt, and its Latin name is Corona. The first commercial flight could take place in June 2021. The existent fortifications border the Lower Walls – the Black Tower, the White Tower, and the Graft Bastion – and the Upper Walls – the Weavers’ Bastion, the Drapers’ Bastion, the Red Tanners’ Bastion – from the foothills of Tampa Mountain. Brasov is one of the most visited cities in Romania, offerings its tourists a rich mix of history, architecture, culture, urban fun, and impressive natural surroundings. Its commercial importance meant also political leverage, acknowledged through its status as a free royal city that empowered the rights of local German colonists. Archaeologists working from the last half of the 19th century discovered continuous traces of human settlements in areas situated in Brașov: Valea Cetății, Pietrele lui Solomon, Șprenghi, Tâmpa, Dealul Melcilor, and Noua. The Transylvanian Sports Museum is among the oldest in the country and presents the evolution of consecrated sports in the city. Brașov has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb). [18] In 1910 there were 41,056 inhabitants: 10,841 (26.4%) Germans, 11,786 (28.7%) Romanians, 17,831 (43.4%) Hungarians. First documented in writing, in 1235, under the Latin name of Corona, Brasov was also known as Krondstat in German or Brassso in Hungarian. Brasov, Transylvania, Romania - July 26, 2014 - Ecaterina Gate was built for the access of Romanians from Schei district in the fortress of Brasov. Bran Castle, situated in the immediate vicinity of Brașov, White Tower with Mount Tâmpa in the background. Your email address will not be published. It is also the largest city in a mountain resorts area. Brasov continued its development under both empires, and,  until the Great Union with Romania from 1918, the local Romanian population enjoyed more freedoms than in most parts of Transylvania. If you’re looking for a lovely guest house located in the Old Town, we recommend Villa Katharina, Casa Rozelor, and The Pines Boutique Villa but also the boutique hotels Bella Muzica and Antler. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Eine Lösung zur Kreuzworträtsel-Frage Deutscher Name der rumänischen Stadt Brasov haben wir eingetragen. In 1945–1946, the Jewish population increased to 3500.[21]. Brasov is situated in central Romania, in the south-eastern part of Transylvania, surrounded by picturesque mountains and hills. Only a short walk from it, you’ll discover the ruins of the medieval fortifications. According to Dragoș Moldovanu, the name of Brașov came from the name of local river named Bârsa (also pronounced as "Bărsa") that was adopted by Slavs and transformed to Barsa, and later to Barsov, finally to Brasov. In the 17th and 19th centuries, the Romanians in Șchei campaigned for national, political, and cultural rights, and were supported in their efforts by Romanians from all other provinces, as well as by the local Greek merchant community. Zionist organizations appeared already in 1920. Next to the Black Church, you’ll see the Council Tower, another iconic attraction from the old city center. Short History of Bucharest: From the Medieval Centuries to Communism, Visit Sibiu: The Old Capital of the Transylvanian Saxons, Bucharest Travel Guide: Essential Tips to Plan Your Visit.

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