[97] The peace also freed up military resources for the war against the Turks. Hy neem in 1762 deel aan die staatsgreep waarin Katharina die Grote die bewind van haar man, … Only after A.V. Oktober 1791 … Omissions? Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин, pronounced "Patyómkin") (OldStyleDate|September 24|1739|September 13) – OldStyleDate|October 16|1791|October 5) was a Russia n general-field marshall, statesman, and favourite of Catherine II the … Преглед … [10] At this time his net worth amounted to 430 souls (serfs), equivalent to that of the poorer gentry. They met in May 1780 in the Russian town of Mogilev. [48] Potemkin also arranged for Catherine to walk in on Rimsky-Korsakov in a compromising position with another woman. Grigori on populaarsuselt 256. mehenimi. September 1739 in Tschischowo bei Smolensk; † 5. Auch ihr Liebhaber, Feldmarschall Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin passt überhaupt nicht zu Helen Mirren. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [78] She reached Kiev in late January, to travel down the Dnieper after the ice had melted (see Crimean journey of Catherine the Great). His part in the coup (1762) that made Catherine czarina brought him to her notice. Ports in the region became bases for his new Black Sea Fleet. Grigori Potjomkin is beskikbaar in 44 tale. The glory of Catherine), now Dnipro. Potemkine, Grigori Aleksandrovitch, 1739-1791 Григорий Александрович Потёмкин Русский военный и государственный деятель, генерал-фельдмаршал Potemkin, Grigorij Aleksandrovič knjaz 1739-1791 Potemkin, Grigorij (Grigorij Aleksandrovič), 1739-1791 Potemkin's bluster had probably contributed to the hostility, either deliberately or accidentally; either way, his creation of the new fleet and Catherine's trip to the south had certainly not helped matters. Potemkin, Grigori Aleksandrovich pōtĕm´kĭn, Rus. Potemkin checked candidates for their suitability; it also appears that he tended to the relationships and "filled in" between favorites. Oktober / 16. September 1739 greg. The five unmarried Engelhardt sisters arrived in court in 1775 on the direction of their recently widowed father Vassily. Die Redewendung geht zurück auf eine Erzählung über den russischen Feldmarschall Reichsfürst Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin, die nicht den historischen Gegebenheiten entspricht. He spared neither men, money, nor himself in attempting to carry out a gigantic scheme for the colonization of the Ukrainian steppe, but he never calculated the cost, and most of the plan had to be abandoned when but half accomplished. Knjas potjomkin tawritscheski. Potemkin had conservative allies including Felix Potocki, whose schemes were so diverse that they have yet to be fully untangled. Allegedly, as Catherine reviewed her troops in front of the Winter Palace before their march to the Peterhof, she lacked a sword-knot (or possibly hat plumage), which Potemkin quickly supplied. [110], Potemkin was embalmed, and a funeral was held for him in Jassy. Potemkin, Grigori Aleksandrovich pōtĕm´kÄ­n, Rus. "Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin" Türkçe içindeki çevirilerine dikkat et. / 24. In September 1768, Potemkin became Kammerherr (chamberlain); two months later Catherine had his military commission revoked, fully attaching him to court. [91], The summer and autumn of 1789 saw numerous victories against the Turks,[92] including the Battle of Focşani in July; in early September, the Battle of Rymnik and the capture of both Kaushany and Hadjibey (modern day Odessa); and finally the surrender of the Turkish fortress at Akkerman in late September. The talks, which were continued by Catherine's secretary and foreign minister, [ɡrʲɪˈɡorʲɪj ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvʲɪtɕ pɐˈtʲɵmkʲɪn tɐˈvrʲitɕɪskʲɪj], Ministry of Internal Affairs of Transnistria, Report on the 29th award of the Count Uvarov Prizes, https://mvdpmr.org/podrazdeleniya-mvd/gou-rkk/o-korpuse/25577-istoriya-rkk.html, Mistresses and minions of Russian Emperors and Empresses, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grigory_Potemkin&oldid=992483907, People of the Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774), Recipients of the Order of St. George of the First Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Second Degree, Recipients of the Order of St. George of the Third Degree, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The name of the giant seaside staircase in, The Grigory Potemkin Republican Cadet Corps is a specialized institution in the, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 14:28. He had been the namestnik of Russia's southern provinces (including Novorossiya, Azov, Saratov, Astrakhan and the Caucasus) since 1774,[citation needed] repeatedly expanding the domain via military action. Potemkin; Untersuchungen zu seiner Lebensgeschichte. Found in BnF Service russe. by Douglas Smith, 2004. Ich warte noch immer auf die Fortsetzung der Medici Teil III. [17] Eighteen months later, Potemkin reappeared, probably summoned by Catherine. 30 suhteet. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin (wiss. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [27][34] Potemkin also rose in political stature, particularly on the strength of his military advice. As the son of an (albeit petty) noble family, he grew up with the expectation that he would serve the Russian Empire. Critics accused Potemkin of using painted façades to fool Catherine into thinking that the area was far richer than it was. Potemkin had moved his ever more lavish court to Bender and there were soon more successes against Turkey, including the capture of Batal-Pasha and, on the second attempt, of Kilia on the Danube. [8], After Alexander died in 1746, Daria took charge of the family. [88], Potemkin argued with Suvorov and Catherine herself, who were both anxious to assault Ochakov, which the Turks twice managed to supply by sea. His father, Alexander Potemkin, was a decorated war veteran; his mother Daria was "good-looking, capable and intelligent", though their marriage proved ultimately unhappy. [53] The ensuing alliance represented the triumph of Potemkin's approach over courtiers such as Catherine's son Paul, who favored alliance with Prussia. Vroeë lewe. [117] Potemkin was often noted for his uncouth behavior, most notably his unscrupulous sexual liaisons and biting his nails. Transliteration Grigorij Aleksandrovič Potëmkin, deutsch auch Gregor Alexandrowitsch Potemkin; * 13. He also became President of the College of War. In 1791 he returned to St. Petersburg, where, along with his friend Alexander Bezborodko, he made vain efforts to overthrow Catherine’s newest and last favourite, Platon Zubov. Leaving in April, the royal party arrived in Kherson a month later. Hy word bevorder tot tweede luitenant van die wag. His biggest failure, however, was his effort to build the city of Ekaterinoslav (lit. By 1787, the British ambassador reported twenty-seven battleships. Potemkin served as Major-General of the cavalry. In the center, Potemkin had his own Yekaterinoslav Army, while to the west lay the smaller Ukraine Army under the command of Field-Marshal Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky. [105], Potemkin fell ill in the fever-ridden city of Jassy, although he kept busy, overseeing peace talks,[nb 5] planning his assault on Poland, and preparing the army for renewed war in the south. Catherine rewarded him with one hundred thousand roubles, which he used to construct the Tauride Palace in St. Grigori is ’n afstammeling van die Moskouse diplomaat Pjotr Potjomkin.Hy word in die dorp Tsjizjowo naby Smolensk gebore. September 1739 geboren . Ich habe Teil II gesehen … He shone in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–74 and became Catherine’s lover in 1774. After a lull in hostilities in 1772 his movements are unclear, but it seems that he returned to St. Petersburg where he is recorded, perhaps apocryphally, to have been one of Catherine's closest advisers. [101][102] Fortunately for the Russians, the Anglo-Prussian alliance collapsed and a British ultimatum that Russia should accept the status quo ante bellum was withdrawn. He only agreed to have portraits made of him twice, in 1784 and again in 1791, both times by Johann Baptist von Lampi and from an angle which disguised his injury. Nime kandjaid. Григо́рий Алекса́ндрович Потёмкин; 24. syyskuuta (J: 13. syyskuuta) 1739 TÅ¡ižovo lähellä Smolenskia – 16. lokakuuta (J: 5. lokakuuta) 1791 Iași) oli venäläinen sotamarsalkka ja keisarinna Katariina II:n suosikki. Potemkin was born into a family of middle-income noble landowners. General Alexander Suvorov won an important victory at Kinburn in early October; with winter now approaching, Potemkin was confident the port would be safe until the spring. View Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin by Christian Friedrich Reinhold Lisiewski on artnet. Potemkin's sister Maria, for example, married Russian senator Nikolay Samoylov: their son Alexander was decorated for his service under Potemkin in the army; their daughter Ekaterina married first into the Raevsky family, and then the wealthy landowner Lev Davydov. Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin ([pɐˈtʲɵ.mkʲɪn], russisch Григорий Александрович Потёмкин, wiss. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by … Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin war ein russischer Fürst, Feldmarschall sowie Vertrauter und Liebhaber der russischen Zarin Katharina der Großen. Kategorie:Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin Connected to: {{::readMoreArticle.title}} aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie {{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}} This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit). His father, Alexander Potemkin, was a decorated war veteran; his mother Daria was "good-looking, capable and intelligent", though … Dolgorukaya was soon replaced by a new mistress, Sophie (de) Witte (nicknamed "The Beautiful Greek"), who was renowned in the courts of Europe at that time and had an accommodating husband. [75] After Alexander Yermolov was installed as the new favorite in 1785, Catherine, Yermolov and Potemkin cruised the upper Volga. SNAC is a discovery service for persons, families, and organizations found within archival collections at cultural heritage institutions. Diese DVD ist leider - muss ich zugeben - ein Fehlkauf gewesen. In June 1782 it was descending again into anarchy. / 24. His preferred lover at the time—though he had others—was Praskovia Potemkina, an affair which continued into 1790. Keine Action, keine Leidenschaft, nix. [119], Potemkin was also an intellectual. and then entered the army. [41] Signs of a potential "golden adieu" for Potemkin include his 1776 appointment, at Catherine's request, to the title of Prince of the Holy Roman Empire. Origin. (“Potemkin village” came to denote any pretentious facade designed to cover up a shabby or undesirable condition.) Oktober 1791 bei Jassy, beerdigt in der St. Jekaterinen-Kirche in Cherson) war ein russischer Fürst, Feldmarschall sowie Vertrauter und Liebh… Grigori Potjomkin sündis mitte jõukas aadliperekonnas, tema erupolkovnikust isa suri, kui Grigori oli seitsmeaastane. He then snubbed her gift of the Anichkov Palace, and took new apartments in the Winter Palace, retaining his posts. Potemkin achieved appreciable success in Russia's newly won southern provinces, in which he was an absolute ruler. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Grigory-Potemkin, Grigory Potemkin - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [124], Potemkin had no legitimate descendants, though it is probable he had illegitimate issue. [98] At Potemkin's request, General Suvorov commanded the assault, which proved to be costly but effective. Definitions of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin, analogical dictionary of Grigori_Alexandrowitsch_Potjomkin (Italian) [89] In May he left once more for the front, having agreed on contingency plans with Catherine should Russia be forced into war with either Prussia or the upstart Poland, which had recently successfully demanded the withdrawal of Russian troops from its territory. She sent a note after him, reading "Goodbye my friend, I kiss you". Potemkin's achievements include the peaceful annexation of the Crimea (1783) and the successful second Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792). View Grigori Alexandrowitsch Potjomkin by Christian Friedrich Reinhold Lisiewski on artnet. 2019. aasta 1. jaanuari seisuga oli Eestis eesnimi Grigori 550 mehel. Though Potemkin was among those guarding the ex-Tsar, it appears that he had no direct involvement in Peter's murder in July. [53][54] Dismembering the Ottoman Empire would require détente with Austria (technically still the Habsburg Monarchy), and its ruler Joseph II. [128] A distant nephew, Felix Yusupov, helped murder Rasputin in 1916.[125]. He liked all food, both peasant and fine (particular favorites included roast beef and potatoes), and his anglophilia meant that English gardens were prepared wherever he went. A week later, and after kind words from Catherine, he was rallied by the news that the fleet was not in fact destroyed, but only damaged. It is estimated that by 1782 the populations of Novorossiya and Azov had doubled[70] during a period of "exceptionally rapid" development. In 1790 he conducted the military operations on the Dniester River and held his court at Iași with more than Asiatic pomp. Grigory Potemkin, in full Grigory Aleksandrovich Potemkin, (born September 13 [September 24, New Style], 1739, Chizovo, Russia—died October 5 [October 16, New Style], 1791, near Iași [now in Romania]), Russian army officer and statesman, for two years Empress Catherine the Great’s lover and for 17 years the most powerful man in the empire. [14] Catherine promoted him again to Kammerjunker (gentleman of the bedchamber), though he retained his post in the Guards. Oktober jul. [nb 3][93] Potemkin opened up a lavish court at Jassy, the capital of Moldavia, to "winter like a sultan, revel in his mistresses, build his towns, create his regiments—and negotiate peace with [the Turks]... he was emperor of all he surveyed". [11], Grigory Orlov, one of Catherine's lovers, led a palace coup in June 1762 that ousted the Emperor Peter III and enthroned Catherine II.

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